बुधवार, 9 फ़रवरी 2011

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya : ' A Rashtra Dharmaa'



http://deendayalupadhyaya.org/about_pandit.html
A SHORT BIOGRAPHY 

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya was born on Monday September 25, 1916, (Ashwin Krishna Trayodashi, Samvat 1973) in the Dhankya , jaipur District { Rajsthan } 

पंडित दीनदयाल उपाध्याय का पैतृक गांव नंगला - चन्द्रभान, मथुरा जिले में है, उनके दादाजी वहां के सुप्रसिद्ध ज्योतिषी पं. हरीरामजी शास्त्री थे,  पिता श्री भगवती प्रसाद उपाध्याय, रेल्वे स्टेशन मास्टर, जलेसर रोड़, उ.प्र. और माता श्रीमती रामप्यारी देवी थीं। उनकी प्रथम संतान दीनदयाल एवं द्वितीय संतान शिवदयाल जी थे। 
दीनदयाल जी की माता श्रीमती रामप्यारी देवी श्री चुन्नीलाल शुक्ल, स्टेशन मास्टर धानकिया रेल्वे स्टेशन, जयपुर- अजमेर रेल मार्ग, जयपुर की पुत्री थीं, दीनदयाल जी का जन्म भी नानाजी के यहां धानकिया जिला जयपुर, राजस्थान में ही, 25 सितम्बर 1916 में हुआ था। जब वे मात्र 3 वर्ष के थे तब पिताजी का तथा 8 वर्ष के थे तब माताजी का एवं जब वे 16 वर्ष के थे तब छोटे भाई का निधन हो गया। 
उनका लालन-पालन नाना- मामा के पास ही हुआ। मामा राधारमण शुक्ल रेल्वें में गंगापुर सिटी जंक्शन पर गार्ड थे, वहा चौथी कक्षा तक, पांचवी से सातवीं कक्षा तक कोटा, राजस्थान में आठवीं कक्षा रायगढ ़जिला अलबर, नवीं एव दसवीं कल्याण हाई स्कुल पिलानी {सीकर} में पूरी की थी, 1935 में उन्होंने हाई स्कूल की परीक्षा, अजमेर बोर्ड से प्रथम श्रेणी में प्रथम क्रम रह कर उतीर्ण की थी। उन्होंने उत्तर पुस्तिकाओं में जिस तरह उत्तर दिये उन्हें बहुत ही सम्भाल करके, अविस्मरणीय मानते हुए काफी समय तक रखा गया था। वे उच्च शिक्षा के क्रम में उत्तर प्रदेश में गये वहां उन्होंने कानपुर स्थित सनातन धर्म कॉलेज से गणित में बी.ए. किया, सेन्ट जोन्स कॉलेज से अंग्रेजी में एम.ए. का प्रथम वर्ष उतीर्ण किया, इससे आगे वे पारिवारिक कारणों से नहीं पड़ सके।

His full name was Deendayal Upadhyaya, but he was called Deena by the family. His mother Shrimati Rampyari was a religious-minded lady and his father, Shri Bhagwati Prasad, was Assistant Station Master at Jalesar. His great-grandfather, Pandit Hariram Upadhyaya was 
a well known astrologer. An astrologer who studied his horoscope predicted that the boy would become a great scholar and thinker, a selfless worker, and a leading politician - but that he would not marry. After his birth, two years later, his mother Shrimati Rampyari gave birth to her second son, Shivdayal. He lost his father Shri Bhagwati Prasad when he was less than three years old and his mother before he was eight.
Two years after his mother, Shrimati Rampyari's death, her father Shri Chunnilal, who was bringing up her two sons to his village Gud Ki Mandhai, near Fatehpur Sikri in Agra District, as a legacy of his dead daughter, also passed away in September 1926. Deendayalji was in his tenth year at that time. He was thus bereft the love and affection of both his parents and his maternal grandfather. He started living with his maternal uncle. Deendayal's aunt was sensitive to the feelings of two brothers; she brought them up like her own children. She became a surrogate mother to the orphans. The ten year old Deendayalji became a guardian for his younger brother at that tender age; he looked after him and took care of all his needs. When he was in the ninth class and in his eighteenth year, his younger brother Shivdayal contracted smallpox. Deendayalji tried his best to save Shivdayal’s life by providing him all manner of treatment available at that time, but Shivdayal also died on Nov. 18, 1934. Deendayalji was thus left all alone in this world.

He later went to high school in Sikar. Maharaja of Sikar gave Pandit ji a gold medal, Rs. 250 for books and a monthly scholarship of Rs.10. Pandit ji passed his Intermediate exams with distinction in Pilani and left to Kanpur to pursue his B.A. and joined the Sanatan Dharma College. At the instance of his friend Shri. Balwant Mahashabde, he joined the RSS in 1937. In 1937 he received his B.A. in the first division. Pandit ji moved to Agra to pursue M.A. 

Here he joined forces with Shri Nanaji Deshmukh and Shri Bhau Jugade for RSS activities. Around this time Rama Devi, a cousin of Deendayalji fell ill and she moved to Agra for treatment. She passed away. Deendayalji was very depressed and could not take the M.A. exams. His scholarships, received earlier from Maharajaj of Sikar and Shri. Birla were discontinued. 


At the instance of his aunt he took a Government conducted competitive examination in dhoti and kurta with a cap on his head, while other candidates wore western suits. The candidates in fun called him "Panditji" - an appellation millions were to use with respect and love in later years. Again at this exam he topped the list of selectees. Armed with his Uncle's permission he moved to Prayag to pursue B.T. and at Prayag he continued his RSS activites. After completion of his B.T., he worked full-time for the RSS and moved to Lakhimpur District in UP as an organizer and in 1955 became the Provincial Organizer of the RSS in UP. 

He established the publishing house 'Rashtra Dharma Prakashan' in Lucknow and launched the monthly magazine 'Rashtra Dharma' to propound the principles he held sacred. Later he launched the weekly 'Panchjanya' and still later the daily 'Swadesh'. In 1950, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, then Minister at the Center, opposed the Nehru-Liaquat pact and resigned his Cabinet post and joined the opposition to build a common front of democratic forces. Dr.Mookerjee sought Shri. Guruji's help in organizing dedicated young men to pursue the work at the political level.

Pandit Deendayalji convened on September 21, 1951 a political convention of UP and founded the state unit of the new party, Bharatiya Jana Sangh. Pandit Deendayalji was the moving spirit and Dr. Mookerjee presided over the first all-India convention held on October 21, 1951.

Pandit Deendayalji's organizing skills were unmatched. Finally came the red letter day in the annals of the Jana Sangh when this utterly unassuming leader of the party was raised to the high position of President in the year 1968. On assuming this tremendous responsibility Deendayalji went to the South with the message of Jana Sangh. The following rousing call he gave to the thousands of delegates in the Calicut session, still rings in their ears:'

We are pledged to the service not of any particular community or section but of the entire nation. Every countryman is blood of our blood and flesh of our flesh. We shall not rest till we are able to give to every one of them a sense of pride that they are able to give to every one of them a sense of pride that they are children of Bharatmata. We shall make Mother India Sujala, Suphala (overflowing with water and laden with fruits) in the real sense of these words. As Dashapraharana Dharini Durga (Goddess Durga with her 10 weapons) she would be able to vanquish evil; as Lakshmi she would be able to disburse prosperity all over and as Saraswati she would dispel the gloom of ignorance and spread the radiance of knowledge all around her. With faith in ultimate victory, let us dedicate ourselves to this task.'

On the dark night of February 11, 1968, Deendayalji was fiendishly pushed into the jaws of sudden death and was found dead on at Mugal Sarai Railway yard. 

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