गुरुवार, 13 दिसंबर 2012

अफजल को फांसी पर भाजपा और शिवसेना का हंगामा



अफजल को फांसी पर भाजपा और शिवसेना का हंगामा

नई दिल्ली, एजेंसी 13-12-12
लोकसभा में गुरुवार को संसद हमले के दोषी अफजल गुरु को फांसी के मुद्दे पर भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) व शिवसेना सदस्यों ने जमकर हंगामा किया और कार्यवाही बाधित की। ग्यारह साल पहले आज ही के दिन संसद पर हुए आतंकवादी हमले के दोषी अफजल गुरु को फांसी की सजा सुनाई जा चुकी है। 2001 के हमले में मारे गए नौ लोगों को श्रद्धांजलि देने के लिए एक मिनट का मौन रखा गया। इसके तुरंत बाद ही हंगामा शुरू हो गया। भाजपा व शिवसेना सांसद लोकसभा अध्यक्ष मीरा कुमार के आसन के नजदीक इकट्ठे हो गए। वे नारे लगाकर अफजल गुरु को फांसी दिए जाने की मांग कर रहे थे।
मीरा कुमार ने सदस्यों से प्रश्नकाल चलने देने के लिए बार-बार अनुरोध किया, लेकिन उन्होंने इस ओर कोई ध्यान नहीं दिया। उन्होंने सख्ती के साथ कहा कि मैं आज सदन स्थगित नहीं करूंगी। हमने अभी केवल उन लोगों को श्रद्धांजलि दी है जिन्होंने संसद की सुरक्षा में अपनी जान दे दी। क्या उन्होंने इसलिए अपनी जान दी थी।
इसके बाद भी सदस्यों का हंगामा और नारेबाजी जारी रही और स्पीकर को पहले सुबह 11.30 बजे तक और फिर दोपहर तक के लिए कार्यवाही स्थगित करनी पड़ी। मानव संसाधन विकास राज्य मंत्री शशि थरूर ने सदस्यों के कार्यवाही में बार-बार व्यवधान पहुंचाने पर अफसोस व्यक्त किया।
उन्होंने ट्विटर पर लिखा कि यह दुखद है कि हमने संसद की सुरक्षा में अपनी जान गंवाने वालों को श्रद्धांजलि दी और फिर हम रोज इसके काम में व्यवधान पहुंचा रहे हैं। लश्कर-ए-तैयबा व जैश-ए-मोहम्मद के पांच आतंकवादियों ने संसद पर हमला किया था। हमले में नौ लोग मारे गए थे और 15 से ज्यादा घायल हुए थे।
मामले में चार लोगों अफजल गुरु, दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय के प्रोफेसर एसएआर जिलानी, नवजोत संधु उर्फ अफसान गुरु व उसके पति शौकत हुसैन गुरु को गिरफ्तार किया गया था। जिलानी व अफसान को सबूतों के अभाव में बरी कर दिया गया था। शौकत हुसैन गुरु की मौत की सजा को 10 साल की कैद में तब्दील कर दिया गया और अब वह जेल से बाहर है।
अफजल गुरु को एक निचली अदालत ने 18 दिसम्बर, 2002 को फांसी की सजा सुनाई। दिल्ली हाईकोर्ट ने 29 अक्टूबर, 2003 को यह सजा बरकरार रखी। सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने चार अगस्त, 2005 को उसकी अपील खारिज कर दी। उसकी दया याचिका लम्बित है और केंद्रीय गृह मंत्री सुशील कुमार शिंदे ने कहा है कि वह 22 दिसम्बर को संसद का शीतकालीन सत्र समाप्त होने के बाद उसकी फाइल पढ़ेंगे।
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  नौ शहीदों की याद में एक मिनट का मौन

संसद के दोनों सदनों में गुरुवार को 11 साल पहले 13 दिसंबर को संसद पर हुए आतंकवादी हमले में शहीद हुए नौ लोगों को श्रद्धांजलि दी गई. लोकसभा व राज्यसभा सदस्यों ने 13 दिसम्बर, 2001 को हुए आतंकवादी हमले के नौ शहीदों की याद में एक मिनट का मौन रखा.

लश्कर-ए-तैयबा व जैश-ए-मोहम्मद के पांच आतंकवादियों ने संसद पर हमला किया था. इस मौके पर भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) ने इस हमले के मुख्य दोषी अफजल गुरु को फांसी दिए जाने की अपनी मांग को फिर दोहराया.
लोकसभा अध्यक्ष मीरा कुमार ने एक संदेश पढ़कर हमले के शहीदों को श्रद्धांजलि दी और उनके परिजनों के प्रति सांत्वना व्यक्त की. हमले में नौ लोग मारे गए थे और 15 से ज्यादा घायल हुए थे.
लोकसभा में विपक्ष की नेता सुषमा स्वराज ने कहा, 'हर 13 दिसम्बर को हम सभी राजनीतिक दलों के लिए अपनी जान देने वालों को याद करते हैं लेकिन एक प्रश्न अब भी अनुत्तरित है और वह यह है कि जिस शख्स को सर्वोच्च न्यायालय ने इस हमले का दोषी करार देते हुए फांसी की सजा सुनाई थी, उसे अब तक यह सजा नहीं दी गई है.'
विपक्ष के हमले का बचाव करते हुए सरकार ने कहा कि भाजपा को यह समझना चाहिए कि संसद फांसी पर निर्णय नहीं दे सकती. गृह राज्यमंत्री आर.पी.एन. सिंह ने कहा, 'इसके लिए एक कानूनी प्रक्रिया है और संसद फांसी नहीं दे सकती और भाजपा को यह समझना चाहिए कि इस सम्बंध में केंद्रीय गृह मंत्री सुशीलकुमार शिंदे पहले ही बता चुके हैं.'
संसद परिसर में आयोजित समारोह में शहीदों को श्रद्धांजलि देने वालों में राज्यसभा अध्यक्ष हामिद अंसारी, प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह, संयुक्त प्रगतिशील गठबंधन अध्यक्ष सोनिया गांधी व भाजपा नेता एल.के. आडवाणी शामिल हैं.

Swami Vivekananda : Hero of World Parliament of Religions






http://www.rockmemorial.org/people/vivekananda.html

Swami Vivekananda (1863 - 1902)

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda’s original name was Narendranath Dutta, and his ancestral house was Gour Mohan Mukherjee Lane, Simla Street—a north Calcutta locality.
Naren, or ‘Bilay’ as he was fondly called, was born on 12 January 1863 to Bhuvaneswari Devi and Viswanath Dutta, a well-to-do attorney-at-law in the Calcutta High Court. He was their sixth child and first surviving son (of the elder five, four died in childhood. He also had two younger brothers.).
Naren’s exceptional abilities, intelligence and prodigious memory set him apart as a leader, right from his school days. He had a flair for drawing, a melodious voice, an orator who could speak extempore, and was also proficient in physical activities like rowing, swimming, wrestling and riding.
After passing his entrance examination at the age of sixteen, Naren joined the Arts faculty of Presidency College in 1880. He studied English, History, Mathematics, Logic, Psychology and Philosophy during his B.A.
Since childhood, Naren was affected deeply affected by the idea of leading a life of spirituality. In his youth, he was haunted by two opposite visions: one of leading a worldly life of luxury, and the other of a renunciating monk. In his longing to know the Truth leading to the realisation of God, he found the confident response of Ramakrishna Pramahamsa that he had seen God, the only convincing answer.
He accepted Ramakrishna as his guru, who himself was most eager to have Naren by his side, as he was convinced that Naren was the one person who could understand and disseminate his teachings. Naren’s education from his guru continued through the five years he was in contact with him at his ashram at Dakshineshwar.
In 1886, after Ramakrishna’s death, Narendranath and other disciples started the Ramakrishna Math at Belur with the aim of serving mankind in order to realise God. With the Ramakrishna Order being consolidated, Narendranath was torn between loyalty to the Math and its mission, and his yearning to be a wandering monk. He left the Math in July 1890 to start on an all-India tour.
On his journey, he befriended both prince and pauper alike. After two years of peregrinations, he reached Kanyakumari and realised his life mission: that India could rise again only when it realised that it’s glory, it’s strengh and originality lay in its spiritual consciousness. And that his life mission would be to renew that consciousness within India’s masses. The way to achieve that would be to make the West acknowledge India’s inherent strength in the realm of spirituality, and the knowledge that it had to impart to the West. This was important because the West was seen as the omnipotent power that could conquer all, and their recognition of India’s strength was essential.
In order to spread his word and message in the West, he decided to attend the World Parliament of Religions to be held in Chicago in 1893. On the eve of his departure, he adopted the name of Swami Vivekananda. The moment he addressed the gathering there as “Sisters and Brothers of America”, he received a thunderous standing ovation that lasted for minutes, and his worldwide fame was assured.
Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda lectured in several cities across the United States on the essence of Hinduism: the Vedanta philosophy. In 1895, after receiving pressing invitations to England, he left for London where he continued his series of lectures and classes. After this, he returned to USA, and then back to England, and also other European countries, spreading the seeds of Vedanta farther and deeper.
In early 1897, Swami Vivekananda returned to India where a rousing reception awaited him wherever he went. The hard work in USA and England and the nonstop lecturing took a toll on his health. After recuperating for a few months, he set to work in earnest again at the Ramakrishna Math in Belur. Under Swamiji’s guidance, the Math set up more centres in different parts of India and served the people in times of calamities like the plague.
Two years later, Swami Vivekananda set upon his second phase of travels in the West. Again, he alternated between USA and England, though this time he was not starting afresh, but building on the foundation set up in his last visit, and carried on by his numerous Western disciples.
In late 1900, he returned to India, again worn out by his ceaseless work. Contrary to doctors’ advice, he continued working and travelling to the extreme boundaries of the country. Ultimately, the physical body could not keep up to the demands of the great soul. Swami Vivekananda breathed his last on 4 July 1902 at the Belur Math, leaving behind an immortal legacy not just in the hearts of his contemporaries, but for all generations to come.

Vivekananda Rock Memorial : Eknath Ranade






http://www.rockmemorial.org/people/eknathranade.html

Shri Eknath Ranade (1914 - 1982)

Eknath RanadeShri Eknath Ranade was the youngest of eight siblings (four brothers and four sisters). He was born on 19 November, 1914, at Timtala in Amaravati District of Maharashtra.
The Ranade family was originally from Vilhe village in Rajapur Taluk of Ratnagiri District in Konkan region of Maharashtra. Shri Eknath Ranade’s father was Shri Ramakrishnarao Vinayak Ranade who served in the Great Indian Peninsular Railways in Vidrabha. He was married to Ramabai of Barve family from Pune.
Nath (as Shri Eknath Ranade was called in his childhood) was sent to Nagpur in 1921 to stay with his eldest brother Baburao. He had his primary education in Government Primary School in Phadanavispura at Nagpur. When his father’s health failed, the whole family moved to Nagpur and stayed with the eldest son.
Shri Eknath Ranade’s brother-in-law Shri Annaji Sohoni was closely associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) which was established in Nagpur in 1925 by Dr. Hedgewar. Under Annaji Sohoni’s guidance, Nath attended an RSS Shakha in 1926 and that became a turning point in his life.
He completed his Matriculation from New English High School, Mahal, in 1932. After his matriculation, he straightaway wanted to become a Sangh Pracharak but was advised by Dr. Hedgewar to finish his graduation first.
Eknathji started studying the Upanishads to counter the propoganda of Christian Missionaries in his college. As he found it difficult to interpret them, he took up the works of Swami Vivekananda. And thereby, he first learnt about the life, works and vision of Swami Vivekananda.
In 1938, Eknathji joined the RSS full time as a Pracharak. His first assignment as Pracharak was in Mahakoshal Pranta, consisting of the central part of India. He enrolled himself for L.L.B. in Sagar University which he completed in first class in 1945. During his work as the Pranta Pracharak of Madhya Bharat, Shri Eknath Ranade’s superior organisational abilities and phenomenal memory came to be widely known.
In 1948, in the aftermath of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination, the RSS was banned for its alleged involvement. Many Swayamsevaks were arrested. Shri Eknath Ranade went underground and co-ordinated the work of the Sangh, organised Satyagraha and even negotiated with the government for lifting the ban, so much so that he was informally called the underground Sarsanghachalak during that period.
After the ban was lifted, Eknathji was posted as Pranta Pracharak of Poorvanchal (the North-East) in 1950. In Calcutta, he organised the Vastuhara Sahayata Samiti to find, help, and provide accommodation for the refugees of the Partition.
In 1953, Shri Eknath Ranade was given the additional responsibility of Akhil Bharatiya Prachar Pramukh. In 1956 he was given the charge of Sarkaryavah, or Chief Executive, of the Sangh. He became Akhil Bharatiya Bauddhik Pramukh in 1962.
Eknath RanadeIn 1963, destiny took Shri Eknath Ranade to the purpose for which he was born, as some people say. He was requested by Guruji Golwalkar to take up the cause of establishing the Vivekananda Rock Memorial. His instrumental role is detailed in The Role of Eknath Ranade.
The second phase of the Rock Memorial: the Living Memorial, in other words, Vivekananda Kendra, was in Shri Eknath Ranade’s vision almost as soon as the first phase was underway. More details on the second phase of the memorial are available in The Living Memorial.
Though after launching Vivekananda Kendra, most of his time was taken by Kendra activities, he did not cut himself off from the Sangh. Whenever at Kanyakumari, he used to go for Shakha at Madahavapuram at least once a week.
Shri Eknath Ranade was a prolific and punctilious letter writer. Since he took charge as the Organising Secretary of Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee in 1963 till his death in 1982, he wrote over 25,000 letters! He chose the North-East as the thrust area of the Kendra’s initial activities. After an extensive study of the area, seven residential schools were opened in Arunachal Pradesh where Jeevanvratis of the Kendra worked.
He procured land in Kanyakumari to establish the headquarters of Vivekananda Kendra known as Vivekanandapuram. Apart from being involved in the publication activites of the Kendra in the periodicals Yuva Bharati and Kendra Bharati, Eknathji also took series of lectures for Jeevanvratis.
The relentless pace of work claimed Shri Eknath Ranade’s health. In 1980, he collapsed during a walk and went into coma. When he recovered consciousness, he had lost partial vision and his memory almost completely. The second affliction was all the more saddening to him as he had such a phenomenal memory that he could remember the names of whoever he was introduced to. He was advised by doctors to slow down his pace of work, but this was not possible for him to adhere to.
On 22 August 1982, Shri Eknath Ranade suffered a massive and fatal heart attack in Chennai. His body was brought to Kanyakumari and cremated on 23 August. As the sun set and the saffron flag with Om was lowered on the Vivekananda Rock Memorial, the pyre was lit.